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Ensuring Research Integrity
All stakeholders in the scientific research enterprise—researchers, institutions, publishers, funders, scientific societies, and federal agencies—should improve their practices and policies to respond to threats to the integrity of research, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Actions are needed to ensure the availability of data necessary for reproducing research, clarifying authorship standards, protecting whistleblowers, and ensuring that negative as well as positive research findings are reported, among other steps.
The report stresses the important role played by institutions, environments, and individual researchers in supporting scientific integrity. And it recommends the establishment of an independent, nonprofit research integrity advisory board to support ongoing efforts to strengthen research integrity. The proposed board should work with all stakeholders in the research enterprise to share expertise and approaches for minimizing and addressing research misconduct and detrimental practices.