As well as demonstrating the efficacy of many cell therapies, several key barriers to cell therapies becoming widely adopted in the U.K. were discussed. Funding and affordability were cited as problems. “Altrika has already been bankrupt once, but we were fortunate enough to be purchased by Ilika, so now we have the funding to continue our work in the U.K.,” Haddow stated. Dr. Mason added, “There needs to be an urgent step to change the way we calculate reimbursement. Cell therapies are aimed at cure and not conventional symptom control and disease management, therefore a combination of healthcare, employment, and social consequences need to be taken into consideration. “For example, the success of Provenge, Dendreon’s autologous cell therapy for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer, is helping investors to see that an autologous stem cell product that sells for $93,000 is a viable proposition because of its unique ability to significantly extend a patient’s life.” The complexity of the U.K.’s regulatory system was also seen as a potential barrier to success. “We have not suffered because of the science; we have safe cells that have been extensively preclinically tested,” stated Hunt. “They are straightforward to scale and bank, but it is the regulatory process that has slowed down our progress at times.